Under 5 mortality rate (deaths under 5 years per 1 000 live births)

DefinitionThe number of children under 5 years who die in a year, per 1 000 live births during the year.

It is a combination of the infant mortality rate, plus the age 1-4 mortality rate.
Keywords
Indicator Type: -> Health Status -> Child Health -> Child mortality and related

[Related Resources]

Indicator Data
View by [Ethnic] [Geographic (SA provinces)] [International]

ECFSGPKZNLPMPNCNWWCZA
Under 5 mortality rate (deaths under 5 years per 1 000 live births) [Definition]
1970 GBD 2010 female---------[1] 114.6
1970 GBD 2010 male---------[2] 114.6
1974 Inter-agency group (2013)---------[3] 123.9
1975 Inter-agency group (2011)---------[4] 110.5
1975 Inter-agency group (2013)---------[5] 117.9
1976 Inter-agency group (2011)---------[6] 105.8
1976 Inter-agency group (2013)---------[7] 112.0
1977 Inter-agency group (2011)---------[8] 101.4
1977 Inter-agency group (2013)---------[9] 106.4
1978 Inter-agency group (2011)---------[10] 97.1
1978 Inter-agency group (2013)---------[11] 101.1
1979 Inter-agency group (2011)---------[12] 93.0
1979 Inter-agency group (2013)---------[13] 96.1
1980 GBD 2010 female---------[14] 88.1
1980 GBD 2010 male---------[15] 88.1
1980 Inter-agency group (2010)---------[16] 93.5
1980 Inter-agency group (2011)---------[17] 89.2
1980 Inter-agency group (2013)---------[18] 91.4
1981 Inter-agency group (2011)---------[19] 85.5
1981 Inter-agency group (2013)---------[20] 87.0
1982 Inter-agency group (2011)---------[21] 81.9
1982 Inter-agency group (2013)---------[22] 83.0
1983 Inter-agency group (2011)---------[23] 78.5
1983 Inter-agency group (2013)---------[24] 79.3
1984 Inter-agency group (2011)---------[25] 75.3
1984 Inter-agency group (2013)---------[26] 75.8
1985 ASSA2008---------[27] 73.9
1985 Inter-agency group (2011)---------[28] 72.2
1985 Inter-agency group (2013)---------[29] 72.7
1986 ASSA2008---------[30] 72.3
1986 Inter-agency group (2011)---------[31] 69.3
1986 Inter-agency group (2013)---------[32] 69.8
1987 ASSA2008---------[33] 70.8
1987 Inter-agency group (2011)---------[34] 66.5
1987 Inter-agency group (2013)---------[35] 67.2
1988 ASSA2008---------[36] 69.4
1988 Inter-agency group (2011)---------[37] 64.0
1988 Inter-agency group (2013)---------[38] 64.8
1989 ASSA2008---------[39] 67.8
1989 Inter-agency group (2011)---------[40] 61.8
1989 Inter-agency group (2013)---------[41] 62.6
1990 Inter-agency group (2012)---------[42] 62.3
1990 ASSA2008---------[43] 66.3
1990 Countdown---------[44] 56.0
1990 GBD 2010 female---------[45] 59.6
1990 GBD 2010 male---------[46] 59.6
1990 IHME (2010)---------[47] 58.0
1990 IHME (2011)---------[48] 60.3
1990 Inter-agency group (2010)---------[49] 62.0
1990 Inter-agency group (2011)---------[50] 59.8
1990 Inter-agency group (2013)---------[51] 60.8
1990 MDG---------[52] 60.0
1991 ASSA2008---------[53] 64.8
1991 Inter-agency group (2011)---------[54] 58.3
1991 Inter-agency group (2012)---------[55] 61.5
1991 Inter-agency group (2013)---------[56] 59.3
1992 ASSA2008---------[57] 63.0
1992 Inter-agency group (2011)---------[58] 57.6
1992 Inter-agency group (2012)---------[59] 60.9
1992 Inter-agency group (2013)---------[60] 58.4
1993 ASSA2008---------[61] 61.8
1993 Inter-agency group (2011)---------[62] 57.9
1993 Inter-agency group (2012)---------[63] 60.6
1993 Inter-agency group (2013)---------[64] 58.0
1994 ASSA2008---------[65] 62.0
1994 Inter-agency group (2011)---------[66] 58.9
1994 Inter-agency group (2012)---------[67] 60.9
1994 Inter-agency group (2013)---------[68] 58.5
1995 ASSA2008---------[69] 62.5
1995 Inter-agency group (2011)---------[70] 60.9
1995 Inter-agency group (2012)---------[71] 61.8
1995 Inter-agency group (2013)---------[72] 59.7
1996 ASSA2008---------[73] 63.5
1996 Inter-agency group (2011)---------[74] 63.7
1996 Inter-agency group (2012)---------[75] 63.4
1996 Inter-agency group (2013)---------[76] 61.7
1997 ASSA2008---------[77] 65.4
1997 Inter-agency group (2011)---------[78] 67.2
1997 Inter-agency group (2012)---------[79] 65.7
1997 Inter-agency group (2013)---------[80] 64.4
1997 VR adjusted---------[81] 63.9
1998 ASSA2008---------[82] 67.5
1998 Inter-agency group (2011)---------[83] 71.0
1998 Inter-agency group (2012)---------[84] 68.5
1998 Inter-agency group (2013)---------[85] 67.5
1998 SADHS80.550.145.374.552.363.755.545.313.2[86] 59.4
1998 SADHS revised80.572.045.374.552.363.755.556.039.0[87] 61.0
1998 SADHS rural---------[88] 71.2
1998 SADHS urban---------[89] 43.2
1998 VR adjusted---------[90] 73.4
1999 ASSA2008---------[91] 69.9
1999 Inter-agency group (2011)---------[92] 74.7
1999 Inter-agency group (2012)---------[93] 71.4
1999 Inter-agency group (2013)---------[94] 70.7
1999 VR adjusted---------[95] 72.5
2000 ASSA2008---------[96] 72.0
2000 BoD105.099.074.6116.480.799.868.188.546.3[97] 94.7
2000 Countdown---------[98] 73.0
2000 GBD 2010 female---------[99] 68.8
2000 GBD 2010 male---------[100] 68.8
2000 IHME (2010)---------[101] 37.0
2000 IHME (2011)---------[102] 36.1
2000 Inter-agency group (2010)---------[103] 77.4
2000 Inter-agency group (2011)---------[104] 77.9
2000 Inter-agency group (2012)---------[105] 74.1
2000 Inter-agency group (2013)---------[106] 73.9
2000 RMS 2011---------[107] 70.5
2000 VR adjusted---------[108] 72.5
2001 ASSA2008---------[109] 73.6
2001 IHME (2010)---------[110] 39.1
2001 Inter-agency group (2010)---------[111] 79.5
2001 Inter-agency group (2011)---------[112] 80.5
2001 Inter-agency group (2012)---------[113] 76.3
2001 Inter-agency group (2013)---------[114] 76.7
2001 RMS 2011---------[115] 71.4
2001 StatsSA---------[116] 78.8
2001 VR adjusted---------[117] 72.9
2002 ASSA2000112.0106.082.0124.087.0106.072.095.046.0[118] 100.0
2002 ASSA2008---------[119] 74.7
2002 IHME (2010)---------[120] 43.0
2002 Inter-agency group (2010)---------[121] 80.4
2002 Inter-agency group (2011)---------[122] 81.6
2002 Inter-agency group (2012)---------[123] 78.3
2002 Inter-agency group (2013)---------[124] 79.1
2002 RMS 2011---------[125] 72.5
2002 StatsSA---------[126] 79.2
2002 VR adjusted---------[127] 74.4
2002 mid-year---------[128] 92.9
2003 ASSA2008---------[129] 74.4
2003 IHME (2010)---------[130] 47.3
2003 Inter-agency group (2010)---------[131] 80.8
2003 Inter-agency group (2011)---------[132] 82.0
2003 Inter-agency group (2012)---------[133] 79.3
2003 Inter-agency group (2013)---------[134] 80.3
2003 RMS 2011---------[135] 73.9
2003 SADHS79.168.242.633.243.952.239.176.356.5[136] 57.6
2003 StatsSA---------[137] 79.1
2003 VR adjusted---------[138] 76.1
2003 mid-year---------[139] 91.9
2004 ASSA2002---------[140] 87.0
2004 ASSA2008---------[141] 73.0
2004 IHME (2010)---------[142] 51.4
2004 Inter-agency group (2010)---------[143] 80.1
2004 Inter-agency group (2011)---------[144] 81.4
2004 Inter-agency group (2012)---------[145] 79.1
2004 Inter-agency group (2013)---------[146] 80.3
2004 RMS 2011---------[147] 74.0
2004 StatsSA---------[148] 78.2
2004 VR adjusted---------[149] 75.4
2004 WHR---------[150] 67.0
2004 mid-year---------[151] 89.3
2005 ASSA200889.783.951.691.956.783.544.267.834.1[152] 69.5
2005 IHME (2010)---------[153] 55.6
2005 Inter-agency group (2010)---------[154] 78.5
2005 Inter-agency group (2011)---------[155] 79.9
2005 Inter-agency group (2012)---------[156] 78.2
2005 Inter-agency group (2013)---------[157] 79.1
2005 Murray---------[158] 69.0
2005 RMS 2011---------[159] 72.7
2005 StatsSA---------[160] 76.2
2005 VR adjusted---------[161] 74.6
2005 mid-year---------[162] 85.4
2006 ASSA200391.089.061.097.057.082.051.069.039.0[163] 73.0
2006 ASSA200886.279.049.185.654.378.940.961.032.1[164] 65.4
2006 IHME (2010)---------[165] 57.4
2006 Inter-agency group (2010)---------[166] 74.6
2006 Inter-agency group (2011)---------[167] 75.8
2006 Inter-agency group (2012)---------[168] 75.8
2006 Inter-agency group (2013)---------[169] 76.5
2006 RMS 2011---------[170] 68.9
2006 StatsSA---------[171] 72.2
2006 VR adjusted---------[172] 75.0
2006 mid-year---------[173] 80.9
2007 ASSA200389.285.658.193.254.978.850.467.138.8[174] 70.9
2007 ASSA200882.174.848.481.650.275.041.254.130.0[175] 61.9
2007 IHME (2010)---------[176] 57.1
2007 Inter-agency group (2010)---------[177] 69.4
2007 Inter-agency group (2011)---------[178] 70.3
2007 Inter-agency group (2012)---------[179] 71.1
2007 Inter-agency group (2013)---------[180] 72.5
2007 RMS 2011---------[181] 67.2
2007 StatsSA---------[182] 67.8
2007 VR adjusted---------[183] 71.8
2007 mid-year---------[184] 76.7
2008 ASSA200387.482.855.890.353.675.949.665.638.1[185] 68.9
2008 ASSA200876.769.441.973.843.468.739.448.328.4[186] 55.7
2008 Countdown---------[187] 67.0
2008 IHME (2010)---------[188] 56.0
2008 Inter-agency group (2010)---------[189] 65.3
2008 Inter-agency group (2011)---------[190] 65.6
2008 Inter-agency group (2012)---------[191] 66.6
2008 Inter-agency group (2013)---------[192] 69.0
2008 RMS 2011---------[193] 66.9
2008 StatsSA---------[194] 63.1
2008 mid-year---------[195] 72.3
2009 ASSA200386.381.254.788.452.874.348.764.637.3[196] 67.7
2009 ASSA200871.163.437.966.840.361.938.745.527.7[197] 50.9
2009 IHME (2010)---------[198] 53.4
2009 Inter-agency group (2010)---------[199] 62.0
2009 Inter-agency group (2011)---------[200] 60.9
2009 Inter-agency group (2012)---------[201] 61.3
2009 Inter-agency group (2013)---------[202] 63.1
2009 RMS 2011---------[203] 56.5
2009 RMS 2012---------[204] 56.0
2009 StatsSA---------[205] 59.3
2009 mid-year---------[206] 68.5
2010 ASSA200385.880.654.887.752.573.847.864.336.6[207] 67.3
2010 ASSA200867.760.238.064.540.657.738.245.927.4[208] 49.9
2010 GBD 2010 female---------[209] 50.2
2010 GBD 2010 male---------[210] 50.2
2010 IHME (2010)---------[211] 50.9
2010 Inter-agency group (2011)---------[212] 56.6
2010 Inter-agency group (2012)---------[213] 52.6
2010 Inter-agency group (2013)---------[214] 52.9
2010 RMS 2011---------[215] 53.1
2010 RMS 2012---------[216] 52.0
2010 StatsSA---------[217] 56.6
2010 mid-year---------[218] 65.2
2011 ASSA200865.358.037.162.739.954.736.844.926.5[219] 48.8
2011 IHME (2011)---------[220] 50.7
2011 Inter-agency group (2012)---------[221] 46.7
2011 Inter-agency group (2013)---------[222] 47.2
2011 RMS 2011---------[223] 42.2
2011 RMS 2012---------[224] 40.0
2011 StatsSA---------[225] 54.3
2011 mid-year---------[226] 62.1
2012 ASSA200863.456.536.261.339.152.735.443.725.6[227] 47.7
2012 Inter-agency group (2013)---------[228] 44.6
2012 RMS 2012---------[229] 41.0
2012 mid-year---------[230] 59.5
2013 ASSA200862.055.435.360.038.251.434.142.624.7[231] 46.7
2013 mid-year---------[232] 56.6
2014 ASSA200860.854.434.458.937.350.433.141.623.9[233] 45.7
2015 ASSA200859.653.533.757.836.649.632.240.923.1[234] 44.8
EC: Eastern Cape  FS: Free State  GP: Gauteng  KZN: KwaZulu-Natal  LP: Limpopo  MP: Mpumalanga  NC: Northern Cape  NW: North West  WC: Western Cape  ZA: South Africa  

Notes and References

  1. Global Burden of Disease 2010: Global Burden of Disease Study 2010. Global Burden of Disease Study 2010 Mortality Results 1970-2010. Seattle, United States: Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME); 2012. http://www.healthmetricsandevaluation.org/ghdx/
    Local copy: -
  2. Global Burden of Disease 2010: Global Burden of Disease Study 2010. Global Burden of Disease Study 2010 Mortality Results 1970-2010. Seattle, United States: Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME); 2012. http://www.healthmetricsandevaluation.org/ghdx/
    Local copy: -
  3. Child Mortality 2013 IGME: You D, Bastian P, Wu J, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2013. New York: United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF); 2013. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
    Estimates generated by the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (IGME) in 2013.
  4. Child Mortality 2011 IGME: You D, Jones G, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2011. UNICEF; 2011. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
    Obtained from online tool, using standard settings - 2011-09-17.
  5. Child Mortality 2013 IGME: You D, Bastian P, Wu J, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2013. New York: United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF); 2013. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
    Estimates generated by the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (IGME) in 2013.
  6. Child Mortality 2011 IGME: You D, Jones G, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2011. UNICEF; 2011. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
    Obtained from online tool, using standard settings - 2011-09-17.
  7. Child Mortality 2013 IGME: You D, Bastian P, Wu J, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2013. New York: United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF); 2013. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
    Estimates generated by the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (IGME) in 2013.
  8. Child Mortality 2011 IGME: You D, Jones G, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2011. UNICEF; 2011. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
    Obtained from online tool, using standard settings - 2011-09-17.
  9. Child Mortality 2013 IGME: You D, Bastian P, Wu J, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2013. New York: United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF); 2013. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
    Estimates generated by the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (IGME) in 2013.
  10. Child Mortality 2011 IGME: You D, Jones G, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2011. UNICEF; 2011. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
    Obtained from online tool, using standard settings - 2011-09-17.
  11. Child Mortality 2013 IGME: You D, Bastian P, Wu J, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2013. New York: United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF); 2013. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
    Estimates generated by the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (IGME) in 2013.
  12. Child Mortality 2011 IGME: You D, Jones G, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2011. UNICEF; 2011. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
    Obtained from online tool, using standard settings - 2011-09-17.
  13. Child Mortality 2013 IGME: You D, Bastian P, Wu J, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2013. New York: United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF); 2013. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
    Estimates generated by the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (IGME) in 2013.
  14. Global Burden of Disease 2010: Global Burden of Disease Study 2010. Global Burden of Disease Study 2010 Mortality Results 1970-2010. Seattle, United States: Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME); 2012. http://www.healthmetricsandevaluation.org/ghdx/
    Local copy: -
  15. Global Burden of Disease 2010: Global Burden of Disease Study 2010. Global Burden of Disease Study 2010 Mortality Results 1970-2010. Seattle, United States: Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME); 2012. http://www.healthmetricsandevaluation.org/ghdx/
    Local copy: -
  16. Child Mortality 2010 IGME: You D, Jones G, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2010. UNICEF; 2010. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: /indicators/ChildHealth/IGME/Child_Mortality_Report_2010.pdf
    Obtained from online tool, using standard settings - 2010-09-21.
  17. Child Mortality 2011 IGME: You D, Jones G, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2011. UNICEF; 2011. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
    Obtained from online tool, using standard settings - 2011-09-17.
  18. Child Mortality 2013 IGME: You D, Bastian P, Wu J, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2013. New York: United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF); 2013. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
    Estimates generated by the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (IGME) in 2013.
  19. Child Mortality 2011 IGME: You D, Jones G, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2011. UNICEF; 2011. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
    Obtained from online tool, using standard settings - 2011-09-17.
  20. Child Mortality 2013 IGME: You D, Bastian P, Wu J, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2013. New York: United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF); 2013. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
    Estimates generated by the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (IGME) in 2013.
  21. Child Mortality 2011 IGME: You D, Jones G, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2011. UNICEF; 2011. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
    Obtained from online tool, using standard settings - 2011-09-17.
  22. Child Mortality 2013 IGME: You D, Bastian P, Wu J, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2013. New York: United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF); 2013. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
    Estimates generated by the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (IGME) in 2013.
  23. Child Mortality 2011 IGME: You D, Jones G, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2011. UNICEF; 2011. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
    Obtained from online tool, using standard settings - 2011-09-17.
  24. Child Mortality 2013 IGME: You D, Bastian P, Wu J, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2013. New York: United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF); 2013. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
    Estimates generated by the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (IGME) in 2013.
  25. Child Mortality 2011 IGME: You D, Jones G, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2011. UNICEF; 2011. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
    Obtained from online tool, using standard settings - 2011-09-17.
  26. Child Mortality 2013 IGME: You D, Bastian P, Wu J, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2013. New York: United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF); 2013. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
    Estimates generated by the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (IGME) in 2013.
  27. ASSA2008: ASSA2008 Model: ProvOutput. AIDS and Demographic Model. AIDS Committee of Actuarial Society of South Africa. [cited 2011 Mar 11]. http://aids.actuarialsociety.org.za/ASSA2008-Model-3480.htm
    Local copy: /indicators/HIV_AIDS/ASSA2008_ProvOutput_110216.zip
  28. Child Mortality 2011 IGME: You D, Jones G, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2011. UNICEF; 2011. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
    Obtained from online tool, using standard settings - 2011-09-17.
  29. Child Mortality 2013 IGME: You D, Bastian P, Wu J, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2013. New York: United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF); 2013. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
    Estimates generated by the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (IGME) in 2013.
  30. ASSA2008: ASSA2008 Model: ProvOutput. AIDS and Demographic Model. AIDS Committee of Actuarial Society of South Africa. [cited 2011 Mar 11]. http://aids.actuarialsociety.org.za/ASSA2008-Model-3480.htm
    Local copy: /indicators/HIV_AIDS/ASSA2008_ProvOutput_110216.zip
  31. Child Mortality 2011 IGME: You D, Jones G, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2011. UNICEF; 2011. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
    Obtained from online tool, using standard settings - 2011-09-17.
  32. Child Mortality 2013 IGME: You D, Bastian P, Wu J, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2013. New York: United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF); 2013. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
    Estimates generated by the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (IGME) in 2013.
  33. ASSA2008: ASSA2008 Model: ProvOutput. AIDS and Demographic Model. AIDS Committee of Actuarial Society of South Africa. [cited 2011 Mar 11]. http://aids.actuarialsociety.org.za/ASSA2008-Model-3480.htm
    Local copy: /indicators/HIV_AIDS/ASSA2008_ProvOutput_110216.zip
  34. Child Mortality 2011 IGME: You D, Jones G, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2011. UNICEF; 2011. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
    Obtained from online tool, using standard settings - 2011-09-17.
  35. Child Mortality 2013 IGME: You D, Bastian P, Wu J, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2013. New York: United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF); 2013. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
    Estimates generated by the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (IGME) in 2013.
  36. ASSA2008: ASSA2008 Model: ProvOutput. AIDS and Demographic Model. AIDS Committee of Actuarial Society of South Africa. [cited 2011 Mar 11]. http://aids.actuarialsociety.org.za/ASSA2008-Model-3480.htm
    Local copy: /indicators/HIV_AIDS/ASSA2008_ProvOutput_110216.zip
  37. Child Mortality 2011 IGME: You D, Jones G, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2011. UNICEF; 2011. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
    Obtained from online tool, using standard settings - 2011-09-17.
  38. Child Mortality 2013 IGME: You D, Bastian P, Wu J, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2013. New York: United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF); 2013. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
    Estimates generated by the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (IGME) in 2013.
  39. ASSA2008: ASSA2008 Model: ProvOutput. AIDS and Demographic Model. AIDS Committee of Actuarial Society of South Africa. [cited 2011 Mar 11]. http://aids.actuarialsociety.org.za/ASSA2008-Model-3480.htm
    Local copy: /indicators/HIV_AIDS/ASSA2008_ProvOutput_110216.zip
  40. Child Mortality 2011 IGME: You D, Jones G, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2011. UNICEF; 2011. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
    Obtained from online tool, using standard settings - 2011-09-17.
  41. Child Mortality 2013 IGME: You D, Bastian P, Wu J, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2013. New York: United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF); 2013. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
    Estimates generated by the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (IGME) in 2013.
  42. Child Mortality 2012 IGME: You D, New JR, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2012. New York: UNICEF; 2012. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
  43. ASSA2008: ASSA2008 Model: ProvOutput. AIDS and Demographic Model. AIDS Committee of Actuarial Society of South Africa. [cited 2011 Mar 11]. http://aids.actuarialsociety.org.za/ASSA2008-Model-3480.htm
    Local copy: /indicators/HIV_AIDS/ASSA2008_ProvOutput_110216.zip
  44. Bhutta et al. 2010: Bhutta ZA, Chopra M, Axelson H, Berman P, Boerma T, Bryce J, et al. Countdown to 2015 decade report (2000-10): taking stock of maternal, newborn, and child survival. Lancet. 2010;375(9730):2032-2044. http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(10)60678-2/fulltext
    Local copy: -
  45. Global Burden of Disease 2010: Global Burden of Disease Study 2010. Global Burden of Disease Study 2010 Mortality Results 1970-2010. Seattle, United States: Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME); 2012. http://www.healthmetricsandevaluation.org/ghdx/
    Local copy: -
  46. Global Burden of Disease 2010: Global Burden of Disease Study 2010. Global Burden of Disease Study 2010 Mortality Results 1970-2010. Seattle, United States: Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME); 2012. http://www.healthmetricsandevaluation.org/ghdx/
    Local copy: -
  47. IHME Maternal and Child Mortality: Hogan MC, Lopez A, Lozano R, Murray CJL, Naghavi M, Rajaratnam JK. Building Momentum: Global Progress toward reducing maternal and child mortality. Seattle: Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation; 2010. http://www.healthmetricsandevaluation.org
    Local copy: /indicators/ChildHealth/IHME/IHME_Building_Momentum_2010.pdf
  48. Lozano et al. 2011: Lozano R, Wang H, Foreman KJ, Rajaratnam JK, Naghavi M, Marcus JR, Dwyer-Lindgren L, Lofgren KT, Phillips D, Atkinson C, Lopez AD, Murray CJ. Progress towards Millennium Development Goals 4 and 5 on maternal and child mortality: an updated systematic analysis. Lancet. 2011;378:1139-65. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21937100
    Local copy: -
  49. Child Mortality 2010 IGME: You D, Jones G, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2010. UNICEF; 2010. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: /indicators/ChildHealth/IGME/Child_Mortality_Report_2010.pdf
  50. Child Mortality 2011 IGME: You D, Jones G, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2011. UNICEF; 2011. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
    Obtained from online tool, using standard settings - 2011-09-17.
  51. Child Mortality 2013 IGME: You D, Bastian P, Wu J, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2013. New York: United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF); 2013. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
    Estimates generated by the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (IGME) in 2013.
  52. Millennium Development Goals: United Nations Development Programme Millennium Development Goals web site. Range of documents and reports relating to the MDGs. http://mdgs.un.org/unsd/mdg/
    Local copy: -
    Dowloaded 2006-07-08.
  53. ASSA2008: ASSA2008 Model: ProvOutput. AIDS and Demographic Model. AIDS Committee of Actuarial Society of South Africa. [cited 2011 Mar 11]. http://aids.actuarialsociety.org.za/ASSA2008-Model-3480.htm
    Local copy: /indicators/HIV_AIDS/ASSA2008_ProvOutput_110216.zip
  54. Child Mortality 2011 IGME: You D, Jones G, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2011. UNICEF; 2011. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
    Obtained from online tool, using standard settings - 2011-09-17.
  55. Child Mortality 2012 IGME: You D, New JR, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2012. New York: UNICEF; 2012. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
  56. Child Mortality 2013 IGME: You D, Bastian P, Wu J, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2013. New York: United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF); 2013. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
    Estimates generated by the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (IGME) in 2013.
  57. ASSA2008: ASSA2008 Model: ProvOutput. AIDS and Demographic Model. AIDS Committee of Actuarial Society of South Africa. [cited 2011 Mar 11]. http://aids.actuarialsociety.org.za/ASSA2008-Model-3480.htm
    Local copy: /indicators/HIV_AIDS/ASSA2008_ProvOutput_110216.zip
  58. Child Mortality 2011 IGME: You D, Jones G, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2011. UNICEF; 2011. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
    Obtained from online tool, using standard settings - 2011-09-17.
  59. Child Mortality 2012 IGME: You D, New JR, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2012. New York: UNICEF; 2012. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
  60. Child Mortality 2013 IGME: You D, Bastian P, Wu J, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2013. New York: United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF); 2013. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
    Estimates generated by the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (IGME) in 2013.
  61. ASSA2008: ASSA2008 Model: ProvOutput. AIDS and Demographic Model. AIDS Committee of Actuarial Society of South Africa. [cited 2011 Mar 11]. http://aids.actuarialsociety.org.za/ASSA2008-Model-3480.htm
    Local copy: /indicators/HIV_AIDS/ASSA2008_ProvOutput_110216.zip
  62. Child Mortality 2011 IGME: You D, Jones G, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2011. UNICEF; 2011. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
    Obtained from online tool, using standard settings - 2011-09-17.
  63. Child Mortality 2012 IGME: You D, New JR, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2012. New York: UNICEF; 2012. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
  64. Child Mortality 2013 IGME: You D, Bastian P, Wu J, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2013. New York: United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF); 2013. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
    Estimates generated by the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (IGME) in 2013.
  65. ASSA2008: ASSA2008 Model: ProvOutput. AIDS and Demographic Model. AIDS Committee of Actuarial Society of South Africa. [cited 2011 Mar 11]. http://aids.actuarialsociety.org.za/ASSA2008-Model-3480.htm
    Local copy: /indicators/HIV_AIDS/ASSA2008_ProvOutput_110216.zip
  66. Child Mortality 2011 IGME: You D, Jones G, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2011. UNICEF; 2011. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
    Obtained from online tool, using standard settings - 2011-09-17.
  67. Child Mortality 2012 IGME: You D, New JR, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2012. New York: UNICEF; 2012. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
  68. Child Mortality 2013 IGME: You D, Bastian P, Wu J, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2013. New York: United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF); 2013. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
    Estimates generated by the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (IGME) in 2013.
  69. ASSA2008: ASSA2008 Model: ProvOutput. AIDS and Demographic Model. AIDS Committee of Actuarial Society of South Africa. [cited 2011 Mar 11]. http://aids.actuarialsociety.org.za/ASSA2008-Model-3480.htm
    Local copy: /indicators/HIV_AIDS/ASSA2008_ProvOutput_110216.zip
  70. Child Mortality 2011 IGME: You D, Jones G, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2011. UNICEF; 2011. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
    Obtained from online tool, using standard settings - 2011-09-17.
  71. Child Mortality 2012 IGME: You D, New JR, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2012. New York: UNICEF; 2012. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
  72. Child Mortality 2013 IGME: You D, Bastian P, Wu J, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2013. New York: United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF); 2013. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
    Estimates generated by the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (IGME) in 2013.
  73. ASSA2008: ASSA2008 Model: ProvOutput. AIDS and Demographic Model. AIDS Committee of Actuarial Society of South Africa. [cited 2011 Mar 11]. http://aids.actuarialsociety.org.za/ASSA2008-Model-3480.htm
    Local copy: /indicators/HIV_AIDS/ASSA2008_ProvOutput_110216.zip
  74. Child Mortality 2011 IGME: You D, Jones G, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2011. UNICEF; 2011. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
    Obtained from online tool, using standard settings - 2011-09-17.
  75. Child Mortality 2012 IGME: You D, New JR, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2012. New York: UNICEF; 2012. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
  76. Child Mortality 2013 IGME: You D, Bastian P, Wu J, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2013. New York: United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF); 2013. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
    Estimates generated by the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (IGME) in 2013.
  77. ASSA2008: ASSA2008 Model: ProvOutput. AIDS and Demographic Model. AIDS Committee of Actuarial Society of South Africa. [cited 2011 Mar 11]. http://aids.actuarialsociety.org.za/ASSA2008-Model-3480.htm
    Local copy: /indicators/HIV_AIDS/ASSA2008_ProvOutput_110216.zip
  78. Child Mortality 2011 IGME: You D, Jones G, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2011. UNICEF; 2011. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
    Obtained from online tool, using standard settings - 2011-09-17.
  79. Child Mortality 2012 IGME: You D, New JR, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2012. New York: UNICEF; 2012. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
  80. Child Mortality 2013 IGME: You D, Bastian P, Wu J, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2013. New York: United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF); 2013. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
    Estimates generated by the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (IGME) in 2013.
  81. U5MR 2012: Nannan N, Dorrington R, Laubscher R, Zinyakatira N, Prinsloo M, Darikwa T, et al. Under-5 mortality statistics in South Africa: shedding some light on the trends and causes 1997-2007. Cape Town: South African Medical Research Council; 2012. http://www.mrc.ac.za
    Local copy: -
    Calculated by applying the completeness adjustment implied by Darikwa to vital registration data. Darikwa TB. Estimating the level and trends of child mortality in South Africa, 1996-2006. Thesis submitted in partial fulfilment of the Degree of Master of Philosophy in the Faculty of Commerce University of Cape Town; 2009.
  82. ASSA2008: ASSA2008 Model: ProvOutput. AIDS and Demographic Model. AIDS Committee of Actuarial Society of South Africa. [cited 2011 Mar 11]. http://aids.actuarialsociety.org.za/ASSA2008-Model-3480.htm
    Local copy: /indicators/HIV_AIDS/ASSA2008_ProvOutput_110216.zip
  83. Child Mortality 2011 IGME: You D, Jones G, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2011. UNICEF; 2011. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
    Obtained from online tool, using standard settings - 2011-09-17.
  84. Child Mortality 2012 IGME: You D, New JR, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2012. New York: UNICEF; 2012. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
  85. Child Mortality 2013 IGME: You D, Bastian P, Wu J, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2013. New York: United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF); 2013. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
    Estimates generated by the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (IGME) in 2013.
  86. SADHS 1998: Department of Health, Medical Research Council & Measure DHS+. South Africa Demographic and Health Survey 1998, Full Report. Pretoria: National Department of Health; 2002. http://www.doh.gov.za/facts/1998/sadhs98/
    Local copy: /indicators/SADHS_1998_Full.pdf
  87. SAHR 2000 Ch4: Bradshaw D, Masiteng K, Nannan N. Health Status and Determinants. In: Ntuli A, Crisp N, Clarke E, Barron P, editors. South African Health Review 2000. Durban: Health Systems Trust; 2001. http://www.hst.org.za/publications/404
    Local copy: /indicators/
    Comparison of the provincial estimates from different sources revealed that the SADHS 1998 estimates for three provinces required some adjustment. Table 4 pg 99.
  88. SADHS 1998: Department of Health, Medical Research Council & Measure DHS+. South Africa Demographic and Health Survey 1998, Full Report. Pretoria: National Department of Health; 2002. http://www.doh.gov.za/facts/1998/sadhs98/
    Local copy: /indicators/SADHS_1998_Full.pdf
    Table 3 pg 7
  89. SADHS 1998: Department of Health, Medical Research Council & Measure DHS+. South Africa Demographic and Health Survey 1998, Full Report. Pretoria: National Department of Health; 2002. http://www.doh.gov.za/facts/1998/sadhs98/
    Local copy: /indicators/SADHS_1998_Full.pdf
    Table 3 pg 7
  90. U5MR 2012: Nannan N, Dorrington R, Laubscher R, Zinyakatira N, Prinsloo M, Darikwa T, et al. Under-5 mortality statistics in South Africa: shedding some light on the trends and causes 1997-2007. Cape Town: South African Medical Research Council; 2012. http://www.mrc.ac.za
    Local copy: -
    Calculated by applying the completeness adjustment implied by Darikwa to vital registration data. Darikwa TB. Estimating the level and trends of child mortality in South Africa, 1996-2006. Thesis submitted in partial fulfilment of the Degree of Master of Philosophy in the Faculty of Commerce University of Cape Town; 2009.
  91. ASSA2008: ASSA2008 Model: ProvOutput. AIDS and Demographic Model. AIDS Committee of Actuarial Society of South Africa. [cited 2011 Mar 11]. http://aids.actuarialsociety.org.za/ASSA2008-Model-3480.htm
    Local copy: /indicators/HIV_AIDS/ASSA2008_ProvOutput_110216.zip
  92. Child Mortality 2011 IGME: You D, Jones G, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2011. UNICEF; 2011. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
    Obtained from online tool, using standard settings - 2011-09-17.
  93. Child Mortality 2012 IGME: You D, New JR, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2012. New York: UNICEF; 2012. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
  94. Child Mortality 2013 IGME: You D, Bastian P, Wu J, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2013. New York: United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF); 2013. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
    Estimates generated by the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (IGME) in 2013.
  95. U5MR 2012: Nannan N, Dorrington R, Laubscher R, Zinyakatira N, Prinsloo M, Darikwa T, et al. Under-5 mortality statistics in South Africa: shedding some light on the trends and causes 1997-2007. Cape Town: South African Medical Research Council; 2012. http://www.mrc.ac.za
    Local copy: -
    Calculated by applying the completeness adjustment implied by Darikwa to vital registration data. Darikwa TB. Estimating the level and trends of child mortality in South Africa, 1996-2006. Thesis submitted in partial fulfilment of the Degree of Master of Philosophy in the Faculty of Commerce University of Cape Town; 2009.
  96. ASSA2008: ASSA2008 Model: ProvOutput. AIDS and Demographic Model. AIDS Committee of Actuarial Society of South Africa. [cited 2011 Mar 11]. http://aids.actuarialsociety.org.za/ASSA2008-Model-3480.htm
    Local copy: /indicators/HIV_AIDS/ASSA2008_ProvOutput_110216.zip
  97. Burden of Disease Prov 2000: Bradshaw D, Nannan N, Laubscher R, Groenewald P, Joubert J, Nojilana B, et al. South African National Burden of Disease Study 2000: Estimates of Provincial Mortality. Cape Town: Medical Research Council; 2004. http://www.mrc.ac.za/bod/estimates.htm
    Local copy: -
  98. Bhutta et al. 2010: Bhutta ZA, Chopra M, Axelson H, Berman P, Boerma T, Bryce J, et al. Countdown to 2015 decade report (2000-10): taking stock of maternal, newborn, and child survival. Lancet. 2010;375(9730):2032-2044. http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(10)60678-2/fulltext
    Local copy: -
  99. Global Burden of Disease 2010: Global Burden of Disease Study 2010. Global Burden of Disease Study 2010 Mortality Results 1970-2010. Seattle, United States: Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME); 2012. http://www.healthmetricsandevaluation.org/ghdx/
    Local copy: -
  100. Global Burden of Disease 2010: Global Burden of Disease Study 2010. Global Burden of Disease Study 2010 Mortality Results 1970-2010. Seattle, United States: Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME); 2012. http://www.healthmetricsandevaluation.org/ghdx/
    Local copy: -
  101. IHME Maternal and Child Mortality: Hogan MC, Lopez A, Lozano R, Murray CJL, Naghavi M, Rajaratnam JK. Building Momentum: Global Progress toward reducing maternal and child mortality. Seattle: Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation; 2010. http://www.healthmetricsandevaluation.org
    Local copy: /indicators/ChildHealth/IHME/IHME_Building_Momentum_2010.pdf
  102. Lozano et al. 2011: Lozano R, Wang H, Foreman KJ, Rajaratnam JK, Naghavi M, Marcus JR, Dwyer-Lindgren L, Lofgren KT, Phillips D, Atkinson C, Lopez AD, Murray CJ. Progress towards Millennium Development Goals 4 and 5 on maternal and child mortality: an updated systematic analysis. Lancet. 2011;378:1139-65. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21937100
    Local copy: -
  103. Child Mortality 2010 IGME: You D, Jones G, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2010. UNICEF; 2010. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: /indicators/ChildHealth/IGME/Child_Mortality_Report_2010.pdf
    Obtained from online tool, using standard settings - 2010-09-21.
  104. Child Mortality 2011 IGME: You D, Jones G, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2011. UNICEF; 2011. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
    Obtained from online tool, using standard settings - 2011-09-17.
  105. Child Mortality 2012 IGME: You D, New JR, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2012. New York: UNICEF; 2012. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
  106. Child Mortality 2013 IGME: You D, Bastian P, Wu J, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2013. New York: United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF); 2013. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
    Estimates generated by the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (IGME) in 2013.
  107. RMS 2011: Bradshaw D, Dorrington R, Laubscher R. Rapid mortality surveillance report 2011. Cape Town: South African Medical Research Council; 2012. http://www.mrc.ac.za
    Local copy: -
    The U5MR and IMR in the RMS reports are calculated from VR for the period up to 2009 and from the RMS for the period 20102011, once the data have been adjusted for under-registration.
  108. U5MR 2012: Nannan N, Dorrington R, Laubscher R, Zinyakatira N, Prinsloo M, Darikwa T, et al. Under-5 mortality statistics in South Africa: shedding some light on the trends and causes 1997-2007. Cape Town: South African Medical Research Council; 2012. http://www.mrc.ac.za
    Local copy: -
    Calculated by applying the completeness adjustment implied by Darikwa to vital registration data. Darikwa TB. Estimating the level and trends of child mortality in South Africa, 1996-2006. Thesis submitted in partial fulfilment of the Degree of Master of Philosophy in the Faculty of Commerce University of Cape Town; 2009.
  109. ASSA2008: ASSA2008 Model: ProvOutput. AIDS and Demographic Model. AIDS Committee of Actuarial Society of South Africa. [cited 2011 Mar 11]. http://aids.actuarialsociety.org.za/ASSA2008-Model-3480.htm
    Local copy: /indicators/HIV_AIDS/ASSA2008_ProvOutput_110216.zip
  110. IHME Maternal and Child Mortality: Hogan MC, Lopez A, Lozano R, Murray CJL, Naghavi M, Rajaratnam JK. Building Momentum: Global Progress toward reducing maternal and child mortality. Seattle: Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation; 2010. http://www.healthmetricsandevaluation.org
    Local copy: /indicators/ChildHealth/IHME/IHME_Building_Momentum_2010.pdf
  111. Child Mortality 2010 IGME: You D, Jones G, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2010. UNICEF; 2010. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: /indicators/ChildHealth/IGME/Child_Mortality_Report_2010.pdf
  112. Child Mortality 2011 IGME: You D, Jones G, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2011. UNICEF; 2011. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
    Obtained from online tool, using standard settings - 2011-09-17.
  113. Child Mortality 2012 IGME: You D, New JR, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2012. New York: UNICEF; 2012. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
  114. Child Mortality 2013 IGME: You D, Bastian P, Wu J, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2013. New York: United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF); 2013. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
    Estimates generated by the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (IGME) in 2013.
  115. RMS 2011: Bradshaw D, Dorrington R, Laubscher R. Rapid mortality surveillance report 2011. Cape Town: South African Medical Research Council; 2012. http://www.mrc.ac.za
    Local copy: -
    The U5MR and IMR in the RMS reports are calculated from VR for the period up to 2009 and from the RMS for the period 20102011, once the data have been adjusted for under-registration.
  116. Stats SA Mid-year Estimates: Statistics South Africa: Statistical release P0302 Mid-year estimates. (various years) http://www.statssa.gov.za/
    Local copy: /indicators/StatsSA/
    2011 mid-year estimates.
  117. U5MR 2012: Nannan N, Dorrington R, Laubscher R, Zinyakatira N, Prinsloo M, Darikwa T, et al. Under-5 mortality statistics in South Africa: shedding some light on the trends and causes 1997-2007. Cape Town: South African Medical Research Council; 2012. http://www.mrc.ac.za
    Local copy: -
    Calculated by applying the completeness adjustment implied by Darikwa to vital registration data. Darikwa TB. Estimating the level and trends of child mortality in South Africa, 1996-2006. Thesis submitted in partial fulfilment of the Degree of Master of Philosophy in the Faculty of Commerce University of Cape Town; 2009.
  118. HIV Indicators 2002: Dorrington RE, Bradshaw D, Budlender D. HIV/AIDS profile of the provinces of South Africa indicators for 2002. Centre for Actuarial Research, Medical Research Council, Actuarial Society of South Africa; 2002. http://www.mrc.ac.za/bod/AIDSindicators2002.pdf AIDSIndicators2002.pdf
    Local copy: /indicators/HIV_AIDS/HIVIndicators_2002.pdf
  119. ASSA2008: ASSA2008 Model: ProvOutput. AIDS and Demographic Model. AIDS Committee of Actuarial Society of South Africa. [cited 2011 Mar 11]. http://aids.actuarialsociety.org.za/ASSA2008-Model-3480.htm
    Local copy: /indicators/HIV_AIDS/ASSA2008_ProvOutput_110216.zip
  120. IHME Maternal and Child Mortality: Hogan MC, Lopez A, Lozano R, Murray CJL, Naghavi M, Rajaratnam JK. Building Momentum: Global Progress toward reducing maternal and child mortality. Seattle: Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation; 2010. http://www.healthmetricsandevaluation.org
    Local copy: /indicators/ChildHealth/IHME/IHME_Building_Momentum_2010.pdf
  121. Child Mortality 2010 IGME: You D, Jones G, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2010. UNICEF; 2010. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: /indicators/ChildHealth/IGME/Child_Mortality_Report_2010.pdf
  122. Child Mortality 2011 IGME: You D, Jones G, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2011. UNICEF; 2011. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
    Obtained from online tool, using standard settings - 2011-09-17.
  123. Child Mortality 2012 IGME: You D, New JR, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2012. New York: UNICEF; 2012. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
  124. Child Mortality 2013 IGME: You D, Bastian P, Wu J, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2013. New York: United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF); 2013. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
    Estimates generated by the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (IGME) in 2013.
  125. RMS 2011: Bradshaw D, Dorrington R, Laubscher R. Rapid mortality surveillance report 2011. Cape Town: South African Medical Research Council; 2012. http://www.mrc.ac.za
    Local copy: -
    The U5MR and IMR in the RMS reports are calculated from VR for the period up to 2009 and from the RMS for the period 20102011, once the data have been adjusted for under-registration.
  126. Stats SA Mid-year Estimates: Statistics South Africa: Statistical release P0302 Mid-year estimates. (various years) http://www.statssa.gov.za/
    Local copy: /indicators/StatsSA/
    2011 mid-year estimates.
  127. U5MR 2012: Nannan N, Dorrington R, Laubscher R, Zinyakatira N, Prinsloo M, Darikwa T, et al. Under-5 mortality statistics in South Africa: shedding some light on the trends and causes 1997-2007. Cape Town: South African Medical Research Council; 2012. http://www.mrc.ac.za
    Local copy: -
    Calculated by applying the completeness adjustment implied by Darikwa to vital registration data. Darikwa TB. Estimating the level and trends of child mortality in South Africa, 1996-2006. Thesis submitted in partial fulfilment of the Degree of Master of Philosophy in the Faculty of Commerce University of Cape Town; 2009.
  128. Stats SA Mid-year Estimates: Statistics South Africa: Statistical release P0302 Mid-year estimates. (various years) http://www.statssa.gov.za/
    Local copy: /indicators/StatsSA/
    2013 mid-year estimates.
  129. ASSA2008: ASSA2008 Model: ProvOutput. AIDS and Demographic Model. AIDS Committee of Actuarial Society of South Africa. [cited 2011 Mar 11]. http://aids.actuarialsociety.org.za/ASSA2008-Model-3480.htm
    Local copy: /indicators/HIV_AIDS/ASSA2008_ProvOutput_110216.zip
  130. IHME Maternal and Child Mortality: Hogan MC, Lopez A, Lozano R, Murray CJL, Naghavi M, Rajaratnam JK. Building Momentum: Global Progress toward reducing maternal and child mortality. Seattle: Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation; 2010. http://www.healthmetricsandevaluation.org
    Local copy: /indicators/ChildHealth/IHME/IHME_Building_Momentum_2010.pdf
  131. Child Mortality 2010 IGME: You D, Jones G, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2010. UNICEF; 2010. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: /indicators/ChildHealth/IGME/Child_Mortality_Report_2010.pdf
  132. Child Mortality 2011 IGME: You D, Jones G, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2011. UNICEF; 2011. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
    Obtained from online tool, using standard settings - 2011-09-17.
  133. Child Mortality 2012 IGME: You D, New JR, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2012. New York: UNICEF; 2012. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
  134. Child Mortality 2013 IGME: You D, Bastian P, Wu J, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2013. New York: United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF); 2013. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
    Estimates generated by the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (IGME) in 2013.
  135. RMS 2011: Bradshaw D, Dorrington R, Laubscher R. Rapid mortality surveillance report 2011. Cape Town: South African Medical Research Council; 2012. http://www.mrc.ac.za
    Local copy: -
    The U5MR and IMR in the RMS reports are calculated from VR for the period up to 2009 and from the RMS for the period 20102011, once the data have been adjusted for under-registration.
  136. SADHS 2003 (Preliminary): South Africa Demographic and Health Survey 2003. Preliminary Report. Pretoria: National Department of Health; 2004. http://www.doh.gov.za/
    Local copy: /indicators/SADHS_2003.pdf
    The estimates of child mortality rates from the SADHS are considered to be implausibly low. Bradshaw D, Dorrington R. Child mortality in South Africa – we have lost touch. S Afr Med J 2007; 97(8): 582-3.
  137. Stats SA Mid-year Estimates: Statistics South Africa: Statistical release P0302 Mid-year estimates. (various years) http://www.statssa.gov.za/
    Local copy: /indicators/StatsSA/
    2011 mid-year estimates.
  138. U5MR 2012: Nannan N, Dorrington R, Laubscher R, Zinyakatira N, Prinsloo M, Darikwa T, et al. Under-5 mortality statistics in South Africa: shedding some light on the trends and causes 1997-2007. Cape Town: South African Medical Research Council; 2012. http://www.mrc.ac.za
    Local copy: -
    Calculated by applying the completeness adjustment implied by Darikwa to vital registration data. Darikwa TB. Estimating the level and trends of child mortality in South Africa, 1996-2006. Thesis submitted in partial fulfilment of the Degree of Master of Philosophy in the Faculty of Commerce University of Cape Town; 2009.
  139. Stats SA Mid-year Estimates: Statistics South Africa: Statistical release P0302 Mid-year estimates. (various years) http://www.statssa.gov.za/
    Local copy: /indicators/StatsSA/
    2013 mid-year estimates.
  140. HIV Indicators 2004: Dorrington R, Bradshaw D, Johnson L, Budlender D. The Demographic Impact of HIV/AIDS in South Africa: National Indicators for 2004. Cape Town: Centre for Actuarial Research, South African Medical Research Council, Actuarial Society of SA; 2004. http://www.commerce.uct.ac.za/care/ ISBN: 1-920015-17-5
    Local copy: /indicators/HIV_AIDS/HIVIndicators_2004.pdf
  141. ASSA2008: ASSA2008 Model: ProvOutput. AIDS and Demographic Model. AIDS Committee of Actuarial Society of South Africa. [cited 2011 Mar 11]. http://aids.actuarialsociety.org.za/ASSA2008-Model-3480.htm
    Local copy: /indicators/HIV_AIDS/ASSA2008_ProvOutput_110216.zip
  142. IHME Maternal and Child Mortality: Hogan MC, Lopez A, Lozano R, Murray CJL, Naghavi M, Rajaratnam JK. Building Momentum: Global Progress toward reducing maternal and child mortality. Seattle: Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation; 2010. http://www.healthmetricsandevaluation.org
    Local copy: /indicators/ChildHealth/IHME/IHME_Building_Momentum_2010.pdf
  143. Child Mortality 2010 IGME: You D, Jones G, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2010. UNICEF; 2010. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: /indicators/ChildHealth/IGME/Child_Mortality_Report_2010.pdf
  144. Child Mortality 2011 IGME: You D, Jones G, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2011. UNICEF; 2011. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
    Obtained from online tool, using standard settings - 2011-09-17.
  145. Child Mortality 2012 IGME: You D, New JR, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2012. New York: UNICEF; 2012. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
  146. Child Mortality 2013 IGME: You D, Bastian P, Wu J, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2013. New York: United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF); 2013. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
    Estimates generated by the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (IGME) in 2013.
  147. RMS 2011: Bradshaw D, Dorrington R, Laubscher R. Rapid mortality surveillance report 2011. Cape Town: South African Medical Research Council; 2012. http://www.mrc.ac.za
    Local copy: -
    The U5MR and IMR in the RMS reports are calculated from VR for the period up to 2009 and from the RMS for the period 20102011, once the data have been adjusted for under-registration.
  148. Stats SA Mid-year Estimates: Statistics South Africa: Statistical release P0302 Mid-year estimates. (various years) http://www.statssa.gov.za/
    Local copy: /indicators/StatsSA/
    2011 mid-year estimates.
  149. U5MR 2012: Nannan N, Dorrington R, Laubscher R, Zinyakatira N, Prinsloo M, Darikwa T, et al. Under-5 mortality statistics in South Africa: shedding some light on the trends and causes 1997-2007. Cape Town: South African Medical Research Council; 2012. http://www.mrc.ac.za
    Local copy: -
    Calculated by applying the completeness adjustment implied by Darikwa to vital registration data. Darikwa TB. Estimating the level and trends of child mortality in South Africa, 1996-2006. Thesis submitted in partial fulfilment of the Degree of Master of Philosophy in the Faculty of Commerce University of Cape Town; 2009.
  150. World Health Report 2006: World Health Organisation. The World Health Report 2006: Working together for health. Geneva: World Health Organisation; 2006. http://www.who.int/
    Local copy: /indicators/GlobalReports/WorldHealthReport_2006.pdf
    Range of uncertainty 57-78.
  151. Stats SA Mid-year Estimates: Statistics South Africa: Statistical release P0302 Mid-year estimates. (various years) http://www.statssa.gov.za/
    Local copy: /indicators/StatsSA/
    2013 mid-year estimates.
  152. ASSA2008: ASSA2008 Model: ProvOutput. AIDS and Demographic Model. AIDS Committee of Actuarial Society of South Africa. [cited 2011 Mar 11]. http://aids.actuarialsociety.org.za/ASSA2008-Model-3480.htm
    Local copy: /indicators/HIV_AIDS/ASSA2008_ProvOutput_110216.zip
  153. IHME Maternal and Child Mortality: Hogan MC, Lopez A, Lozano R, Murray CJL, Naghavi M, Rajaratnam JK. Building Momentum: Global Progress toward reducing maternal and child mortality. Seattle: Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation; 2010. http://www.healthmetricsandevaluation.org
    Local copy: /indicators/ChildHealth/IHME/IHME_Building_Momentum_2010.pdf
  154. Child Mortality 2010 IGME: You D, Jones G, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2010. UNICEF; 2010. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: /indicators/ChildHealth/IGME/Child_Mortality_Report_2010.pdf
  155. Child Mortality 2011 IGME: You D, Jones G, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2011. UNICEF; 2011. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
    Obtained from online tool, using standard settings - 2011-09-17.
  156. Child Mortality 2012 IGME: You D, New JR, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2012. New York: UNICEF; 2012. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
  157. Child Mortality 2013 IGME: You D, Bastian P, Wu J, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2013. New York: United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF); 2013. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
    Estimates generated by the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (IGME) in 2013.
  158. Murray et al. 2007: Murray CJL, Laakso T, Shibuya K, Lopez AD. Can we achieve Millennium Development Goal 4? New analysis of country trends and forecasts of under-5 mortality to 2015. Lancet 2007; 370:1040-54. http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140673607614780/fulltext
    Local copy: /indicators/Journals/Lancet_370_1040/
  159. RMS 2011: Bradshaw D, Dorrington R, Laubscher R. Rapid mortality surveillance report 2011. Cape Town: South African Medical Research Council; 2012. http://www.mrc.ac.za
    Local copy: -
    The U5MR and IMR in the RMS reports are calculated from VR for the period up to 2009 and from the RMS for the period 20102011, once the data have been adjusted for under-registration.
  160. Stats SA Mid-year Estimates: Statistics South Africa: Statistical release P0302 Mid-year estimates. (various years) http://www.statssa.gov.za/
    Local copy: /indicators/StatsSA/
    2011 mid-year estimates.
  161. U5MR 2012: Nannan N, Dorrington R, Laubscher R, Zinyakatira N, Prinsloo M, Darikwa T, et al. Under-5 mortality statistics in South Africa: shedding some light on the trends and causes 1997-2007. Cape Town: South African Medical Research Council; 2012. http://www.mrc.ac.za
    Local copy: -
    Calculated by applying the completeness adjustment implied by Darikwa to vital registration data. Darikwa TB. Estimating the level and trends of child mortality in South Africa, 1996-2006. Thesis submitted in partial fulfilment of the Degree of Master of Philosophy in the Faculty of Commerce University of Cape Town; 2009.
  162. Stats SA Mid-year Estimates: Statistics South Africa: Statistical release P0302 Mid-year estimates. (various years) http://www.statssa.gov.za/
    Local copy: /indicators/StatsSA/
    2013 mid-year estimates.
  163. ASSA2003: ASSA2003 Model: ProvOutput. AIDS Committee of Actuarial Society of South Africa. [cited 2006 Jun 19]. http://www.actuarialsociety.co.za/aids/
    Local copy: /indicators/HIV_AIDS/ASSA2003ProvOutput_051129.zip
    Downloaded 2006-06-19
  164. ASSA2008: ASSA2008 Model: ProvOutput. AIDS and Demographic Model. AIDS Committee of Actuarial Society of South Africa. [cited 2011 Mar 11]. http://aids.actuarialsociety.org.za/ASSA2008-Model-3480.htm
    Local copy: /indicators/HIV_AIDS/ASSA2008_ProvOutput_110216.zip
  165. IHME Maternal and Child Mortality: Hogan MC, Lopez A, Lozano R, Murray CJL, Naghavi M, Rajaratnam JK. Building Momentum: Global Progress toward reducing maternal and child mortality. Seattle: Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation; 2010. http://www.healthmetricsandevaluation.org
    Local copy: /indicators/ChildHealth/IHME/IHME_Building_Momentum_2010.pdf
  166. Child Mortality 2010 IGME: You D, Jones G, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2010. UNICEF; 2010. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: /indicators/ChildHealth/IGME/Child_Mortality_Report_2010.pdf
  167. Child Mortality 2011 IGME: You D, Jones G, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2011. UNICEF; 2011. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
    Obtained from online tool, using standard settings - 2011-09-17.
  168. Child Mortality 2012 IGME: You D, New JR, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2012. New York: UNICEF; 2012. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
  169. Child Mortality 2013 IGME: You D, Bastian P, Wu J, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2013. New York: United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF); 2013. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
    Estimates generated by the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (IGME) in 2013.
  170. RMS 2011: Bradshaw D, Dorrington R, Laubscher R. Rapid mortality surveillance report 2011. Cape Town: South African Medical Research Council; 2012. http://www.mrc.ac.za
    Local copy: -
    The U5MR and IMR in the RMS reports are calculated from VR for the period up to 2009 and from the RMS for the period 20102011, once the data have been adjusted for under-registration.
  171. Stats SA Mid-year Estimates: Statistics South Africa: Statistical release P0302 Mid-year estimates. (various years) http://www.statssa.gov.za/
    Local copy: /indicators/StatsSA/
    2011 mid-year estimates.
  172. U5MR 2012: Nannan N, Dorrington R, Laubscher R, Zinyakatira N, Prinsloo M, Darikwa T, et al. Under-5 mortality statistics in South Africa: shedding some light on the trends and causes 1997-2007. Cape Town: South African Medical Research Council; 2012. http://www.mrc.ac.za
    Local copy: -
    Calculated by applying the completeness adjustment implied by Darikwa to vital registration data. Darikwa TB. Estimating the level and trends of child mortality in South Africa, 1996-2006. Thesis submitted in partial fulfilment of the Degree of Master of Philosophy in the Faculty of Commerce University of Cape Town; 2009.
  173. Stats SA Mid-year Estimates: Statistics South Africa: Statistical release P0302 Mid-year estimates. (various years) http://www.statssa.gov.za/
    Local copy: /indicators/StatsSA/
    2013 mid-year estimates.
  174. ASSA2003: ASSA2003 Model: ProvOutput. AIDS Committee of Actuarial Society of South Africa. [cited 2006 Jun 19]. http://www.actuarialsociety.co.za/aids/
    Local copy: /indicators/HIV_AIDS/ASSA2003ProvOutput_051129.zip
    Downloaded 2006-06-19
  175. ASSA2008: ASSA2008 Model: ProvOutput. AIDS and Demographic Model. AIDS Committee of Actuarial Society of South Africa. [cited 2011 Mar 11]. http://aids.actuarialsociety.org.za/ASSA2008-Model-3480.htm
    Local copy: /indicators/HIV_AIDS/ASSA2008_ProvOutput_110216.zip
  176. IHME Maternal and Child Mortality: Hogan MC, Lopez A, Lozano R, Murray CJL, Naghavi M, Rajaratnam JK. Building Momentum: Global Progress toward reducing maternal and child mortality. Seattle: Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation; 2010. http://www.healthmetricsandevaluation.org
    Local copy: /indicators/ChildHealth/IHME/IHME_Building_Momentum_2010.pdf
  177. Child Mortality 2010 IGME: You D, Jones G, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2010. UNICEF; 2010. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: /indicators/ChildHealth/IGME/Child_Mortality_Report_2010.pdf
  178. Child Mortality 2011 IGME: You D, Jones G, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2011. UNICEF; 2011. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
    Obtained from online tool, using standard settings - 2011-09-17.
  179. Child Mortality 2012 IGME: You D, New JR, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2012. New York: UNICEF; 2012. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
  180. Child Mortality 2013 IGME: You D, Bastian P, Wu J, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2013. New York: United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF); 2013. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
    Estimates generated by the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (IGME) in 2013.
  181. RMS 2011: Bradshaw D, Dorrington R, Laubscher R. Rapid mortality surveillance report 2011. Cape Town: South African Medical Research Council; 2012. http://www.mrc.ac.za
    Local copy: -
    The U5MR and IMR in the RMS reports are calculated from VR for the period up to 2009 and from the RMS for the period 20102011, once the data have been adjusted for under-registration.
  182. Stats SA Mid-year Estimates: Statistics South Africa: Statistical release P0302 Mid-year estimates. (various years) http://www.statssa.gov.za/
    Local copy: /indicators/StatsSA/
    2011 mid-year estimates.
  183. U5MR 2012: Nannan N, Dorrington R, Laubscher R, Zinyakatira N, Prinsloo M, Darikwa T, et al. Under-5 mortality statistics in South Africa: shedding some light on the trends and causes 1997-2007. Cape Town: South African Medical Research Council; 2012. http://www.mrc.ac.za
    Local copy: -
    Calculated by applying the completeness adjustment implied by Darikwa to vital registration data. Darikwa TB. Estimating the level and trends of child mortality in South Africa, 1996-2006. Thesis submitted in partial fulfilment of the Degree of Master of Philosophy in the Faculty of Commerce University of Cape Town; 2009.
  184. Stats SA Mid-year Estimates: Statistics South Africa: Statistical release P0302 Mid-year estimates. (various years) http://www.statssa.gov.za/
    Local copy: /indicators/StatsSA/
    2013 mid-year estimates.
  185. ASSA2003: ASSA2003 Model: ProvOutput. AIDS Committee of Actuarial Society of South Africa. [cited 2006 Jun 19]. http://www.actuarialsociety.co.za/aids/
    Local copy: /indicators/HIV_AIDS/ASSA2003ProvOutput_051129.zip
  186. ASSA2008: ASSA2008 Model: ProvOutput. AIDS and Demographic Model. AIDS Committee of Actuarial Society of South Africa. [cited 2011 Mar 11]. http://aids.actuarialsociety.org.za/ASSA2008-Model-3480.htm
    Local copy: /indicators/HIV_AIDS/ASSA2008_ProvOutput_110216.zip
  187. Bhutta et al. 2010: Bhutta ZA, Chopra M, Axelson H, Berman P, Boerma T, Bryce J, et al. Countdown to 2015 decade report (2000-10): taking stock of maternal, newborn, and child survival. Lancet. 2010;375(9730):2032-2044. http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(10)60678-2/fulltext
    Local copy: -
  188. IHME Maternal and Child Mortality: Hogan MC, Lopez A, Lozano R, Murray CJL, Naghavi M, Rajaratnam JK. Building Momentum: Global Progress toward reducing maternal and child mortality. Seattle: Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation; 2010. http://www.healthmetricsandevaluation.org
    Local copy: /indicators/ChildHealth/IHME/IHME_Building_Momentum_2010.pdf
  189. Child Mortality 2010 IGME: You D, Jones G, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2010. UNICEF; 2010. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: /indicators/ChildHealth/IGME/Child_Mortality_Report_2010.pdf
  190. Child Mortality 2011 IGME: You D, Jones G, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2011. UNICEF; 2011. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
    Obtained from online tool, using standard settings - 2011-09-17.
  191. Child Mortality 2012 IGME: You D, New JR, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2012. New York: UNICEF; 2012. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
  192. Child Mortality 2013 IGME: You D, Bastian P, Wu J, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2013. New York: United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF); 2013. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
    Estimates generated by the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (IGME) in 2013.
  193. RMS 2011: Bradshaw D, Dorrington R, Laubscher R. Rapid mortality surveillance report 2011. Cape Town: South African Medical Research Council; 2012. http://www.mrc.ac.za
    Local copy: -
    The U5MR and IMR in the RMS reports are calculated from VR for the period up to 2009 and from the RMS for the period 20102011, once the data have been adjusted for under-registration.
  194. Stats SA Mid-year Estimates: Statistics South Africa: Statistical release P0302 Mid-year estimates. (various years) http://www.statssa.gov.za/
    Local copy: /indicators/StatsSA/
    2011 mid-year estimates.
  195. Stats SA Mid-year Estimates: Statistics South Africa: Statistical release P0302 Mid-year estimates. (various years) http://www.statssa.gov.za/
    Local copy: /indicators/StatsSA/
    2013 mid-year estimates.
  196. ASSA2003: ASSA2003 Model: ProvOutput. AIDS Committee of Actuarial Society of South Africa. [cited 2006 Jun 19]. http://www.actuarialsociety.co.za/aids/
    Local copy: /indicators/HIV_AIDS/ASSA2003ProvOutput_051129.zip
  197. ASSA2008: ASSA2008 Model: ProvOutput. AIDS and Demographic Model. AIDS Committee of Actuarial Society of South Africa. [cited 2011 Mar 11]. http://aids.actuarialsociety.org.za/ASSA2008-Model-3480.htm
    Local copy: /indicators/HIV_AIDS/ASSA2008_ProvOutput_110216.zip
  198. IHME Maternal and Child Mortality: Hogan MC, Lopez A, Lozano R, Murray CJL, Naghavi M, Rajaratnam JK. Building Momentum: Global Progress toward reducing maternal and child mortality. Seattle: Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation; 2010. http://www.healthmetricsandevaluation.org
    Local copy: /indicators/ChildHealth/IHME/IHME_Building_Momentum_2010.pdf
  199. Child Mortality 2010 IGME: You D, Jones G, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2010. UNICEF; 2010. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: /indicators/ChildHealth/IGME/Child_Mortality_Report_2010.pdf
  200. Child Mortality 2011 IGME: You D, Jones G, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2011. UNICEF; 2011. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
    Obtained from online tool, using standard settings - 2011-09-17.
  201. Child Mortality 2012 IGME: You D, New JR, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2012. New York: UNICEF; 2012. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
  202. Child Mortality 2013 IGME: You D, Bastian P, Wu J, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2013. New York: United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF); 2013. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
    Estimates generated by the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (IGME) in 2013.
  203. RMS 2011: Bradshaw D, Dorrington R, Laubscher R. Rapid mortality surveillance report 2011. Cape Town: South African Medical Research Council; 2012. http://www.mrc.ac.za
    Local copy: -
    The U5MR and IMR in the RMS reports are calculated from VR for the period up to 2009 and from the RMS for the period 20102011, once the data have been adjusted for under-registration.
  204. RMS 2012: Dorrington R, Bradshaw D, Laubscher R. Rapid mortality surveillance report 2012. Cape Town: South African Medical Research Council; 2014. http://www.mrc.ac.za/pressreleases/2014/8press2014.htm
    Local copy: -
  205. Stats SA Mid-year Estimates: Statistics South Africa: Statistical release P0302 Mid-year estimates. (various years) http://www.statssa.gov.za/
    Local copy: /indicators/StatsSA/
    2011 mid-year estimates.
  206. Stats SA Mid-year Estimates: Statistics South Africa: Statistical release P0302 Mid-year estimates. (various years) http://www.statssa.gov.za/
    Local copy: /indicators/StatsSA/
    2013 mid-year estimates.
  207. ASSA2003: ASSA2003 Model: ProvOutput. AIDS Committee of Actuarial Society of South Africa. [cited 2006 Jun 19]. http://www.actuarialsociety.co.za/aids/
    Local copy: /indicators/HIV_AIDS/ASSA2003ProvOutput_051129.zip
  208. ASSA2008: ASSA2008 Model: ProvOutput. AIDS and Demographic Model. AIDS Committee of Actuarial Society of South Africa. [cited 2011 Mar 11]. http://aids.actuarialsociety.org.za/ASSA2008-Model-3480.htm
    Local copy: /indicators/HIV_AIDS/ASSA2008_ProvOutput_110216.zip
  209. Global Burden of Disease 2010: Global Burden of Disease Study 2010. Global Burden of Disease Study 2010 Mortality Results 1970-2010. Seattle, United States: Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME); 2012. http://www.healthmetricsandevaluation.org/ghdx/
    Local copy: -
  210. Global Burden of Disease 2010: Global Burden of Disease Study 2010. Global Burden of Disease Study 2010 Mortality Results 1970-2010. Seattle, United States: Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME); 2012. http://www.healthmetricsandevaluation.org/ghdx/
    Local copy: -
  211. IHME Maternal and Child Mortality: Hogan MC, Lopez A, Lozano R, Murray CJL, Naghavi M, Rajaratnam JK. Building Momentum: Global Progress toward reducing maternal and child mortality. Seattle: Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation; 2010. http://www.healthmetricsandevaluation.org
    Local copy: /indicators/ChildHealth/IHME/IHME_Building_Momentum_2010.pdf
  212. Child Mortality 2011 IGME: You D, Jones G, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2011. UNICEF; 2011. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
    Obtained from online tool, using standard settings - 2011-09-17.
  213. Child Mortality 2012 IGME: You D, New JR, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2012. New York: UNICEF; 2012. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
  214. Child Mortality 2013 IGME: You D, Bastian P, Wu J, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2013. New York: United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF); 2013. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
    Estimates generated by the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (IGME) in 2013.
  215. RMS 2011: Bradshaw D, Dorrington R, Laubscher R. Rapid mortality surveillance report 2011. Cape Town: South African Medical Research Council; 2012. http://www.mrc.ac.za
    Local copy: -
    The U5MR and IMR in the RMS reports are calculated from VR for the period up to 2009 and from the RMS for the period 20102011, once the data have been adjusted for under-registration.
  216. RMS 2012: Dorrington R, Bradshaw D, Laubscher R. Rapid mortality surveillance report 2012. Cape Town: South African Medical Research Council; 2014. http://www.mrc.ac.za/pressreleases/2014/8press2014.htm
    Local copy: -
  217. Stats SA Mid-year Estimates: Statistics South Africa: Statistical release P0302 Mid-year estimates. (various years) http://www.statssa.gov.za/
    Local copy: /indicators/StatsSA/
    2011 mid-year estimates.
  218. Stats SA Mid-year Estimates: Statistics South Africa: Statistical release P0302 Mid-year estimates. (various years) http://www.statssa.gov.za/
    Local copy: /indicators/StatsSA/
    2013 mid-year estimates.
  219. ASSA2008: ASSA2008 Model: ProvOutput. AIDS and Demographic Model. AIDS Committee of Actuarial Society of South Africa. [cited 2011 Mar 11]. http://aids.actuarialsociety.org.za/ASSA2008-Model-3480.htm
    Local copy: /indicators/HIV_AIDS/ASSA2008_ProvOutput_110216.zip
  220. Lozano et al. 2011: Lozano R, Wang H, Foreman KJ, Rajaratnam JK, Naghavi M, Marcus JR, Dwyer-Lindgren L, Lofgren KT, Phillips D, Atkinson C, Lopez AD, Murray CJ. Progress towards Millennium Development Goals 4 and 5 on maternal and child mortality: an updated systematic analysis. Lancet. 2011;378:1139-65. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21937100
    Local copy: -
  221. Child Mortality 2012 IGME: You D, New JR, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2012. New York: UNICEF; 2012. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
  222. Child Mortality 2013 IGME: You D, Bastian P, Wu J, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2013. New York: United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF); 2013. http://www.childmortality.org/
    Local copy: -
    Estimates generated by the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (IGME) in 2013.
  223. RMS 2011: Bradshaw D, Dorrington R, Laubscher R. Rapid mortality surveillance report 2011. Cape Town: South African Medical Research Council; 2012. http://www.mrc.ac.za
    Local copy: -
    The U5MR and IMR in the RMS reports are calculated from VR for the period up to 2009 and from the RMS for the period 20102011, once the data have been adjusted for under-registration.
  224. RMS 2012: Dorrington R, Bradshaw D, Laubscher R. Rapid mortality surveillance report 2012. Cape Town: South African Medical Research Council; 2014. http://www.mrc.ac.za/pressreleases/2014/8press2014.htm
    Local copy: -
  225. Stats SA Mid-year Estimates: Statistics South Africa: Statistical release P0302 Mid-year estimates. (various years) http://www.statssa.gov.za/
    Local copy: /indicators/StatsSA/
    2011 mid-year estimates.
  226. Stats SA Mid-year Estimates: Statistics South Africa: Statistical release P0302 Mid-year estimates. (various years) http://www.statssa.gov.za/
    Local copy: /indicators/StatsSA/
    2013 mid-year estimates.
  227. ASSA2008: ASSA2008 Model: ProvOutput. AIDS and Demographic Model. AIDS Committee of Actuarial Society of South Africa. [cited 2011 Mar 11]. http://aids.actuarialsociety.org.za/ASSA2008-Model-3480.htm
    Local copy: /indicators/HIV_AIDS/ASSA2008_ProvOutput_110216.zip
  228. Child Mortality 2013 IGME: You D, Bastian P, Wu J, Wardlaw T. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2013. New York: United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF); 2013. http://www.childmortality.org/
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    Estimates generated by the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (IGME) in 2013.
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